PROSTATE cancer is the most common cancer with Men, with more than 40,000 NEW cases diagnosed every year.

It is not strictly an old man disease, Young people need to up their awareness levels also its the third deadliest cancer in the world and the disease develops slowly, meaning many men don’t know they have it for several years. Here’s what you need to know about the disease…


What is prostate cancer?

The prostate is a small gland in the pelvis, which only men have.

It can be between the size of a walnut or marble and runs between the penis and the bladder, and around the urethra (the tube men pee and ejaculate through).

The main function of the prostate is to produce a think white fluid, which is mixed with sperm to create semen.

Prostate cancer occurs when the cells start to grow in an uncontrolled way.

Many men can still live long lives with prostate cancer but it is important to treat it and stop it spreading elsewhere in the body.

Prostate cancer currently kills 10,900 men-a-year and this figures are moderate. It is the 3rd most deadliest after Lung Caner, and Bowel Cancer.


prostate gland is located between the penis and bladder



What causes prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is very common, and the causes are largely unknown.

Most cases occur in men aged 50 or over, while prostate cancer is more common in men of African or Caribbean descent, and less common in Asian guys.

There’s also a familial link, so having a dad or brother who had prostate cancer increases your risk.

Recent research suggests obesity increases your risk of prostate cancer, while exercising regularly lowers it.

A high-calcium diet is also thought to increase your risk, while eating cooked tomatoes and nuts could lower it, but more research is needed into the effect of diet.

And research conducted in Australia suggests drinking beer too much an increase your risk too,


What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

In most cases, prostate cancer doesn’t have any symptoms until the growth is big enough to put pressure on the urethra.

Symptoms include:

  • Needing to urinate more often, especially at night
  • Needing to rush to the toilet
  • Difficulty in starting to pee
  • Weak flow
  • Straining and taking a long time while peeing
  • Feeling that your bladder hasn’t emptied fully

Many men’s prostates get larger as they age because of the non-cancerous conditions prostate enlargement and benign prostatic hyperplasia.

In fact, these two conditions are more common than prostate cancer – but that doesn’t mean the symptoms should be ignored.

The signs that the cancer has SPREAD include bone, back or testicular pain, loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss.


How is prostate cancer treated?

Assuming prostate cancer is caught in its early stages, Its not a Death sentence. Treatment is not normally immediately necessary.

In these cases, doctors have a policy of “watchful and waiting”.

Treatment includes surgically removing the prostate, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.


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